0336 GMT June 27 2017
Digestive Health Week begins today (May 22) across the provinces and will run until May 29. The week will focus on inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), said secretary of Digestive Health Week.
Homayoun Vahedi told Iran Daily that cases of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have recorded a growth nationwide in view of the rapid urbanization.
He said IBD involves chronic inflammation of all or part of the digestive tract.
Factors such as smoking, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, obesity and leftover food are among the factors contributing to IBD prevalence, he said.
IBD is chronic disease which can be controlled through medicines, he added.
He also said that IBD should be treated quickly.
Vahedi said IBD is an autoimmune disease and disorder in the immune system can lead to IBD.
He said genetics and environmental factors such as air pollution and dust also trigger IBD.
On the threshold of holy month of Ramadan, he said IBD patients can fast and take their medicines in hours between Iftar and Sahar, adding that they should also consult the physician.
There are natural microbes in body which are different in every person, but the body’s microbe balance is disturbed due to change in food intake pattern ― creating problems in the digestive system, he said.
Those who suffer from digestive diseases such as gastrointestinal bleeding ― caused by duodenal ulcer ― should not fast, he said. But if the disease is under control, the patients can fast after consulting a physician, he added.
He said those who suffer from IBS, don’t have any problem in fasting because when they refrain from eating during fasting hours, their flatulence is removed, and stomach cramp and acid reflux are also cured, he concluded.